How to Teach Financial Literacy

Teaching of financial literacy is very important for making students more confident in finance. Students' future will become financial and economically sound, if they know the finance and its basics. Only developing the financial skills, they will enable to manage financial risks. Now there are many sources, from where students can get financial literacy. But I did hard work more than 3 months for making Finance Map to teach financial literacy to young students. If any financial teacher  follows this finance map, he will surely succeed to teach financial literacy. In this finance map, we make different steps which are very needed to teach to students.

 Here, I am again explaining its different steps :

1st Step : Teach Basics of Finance

There are 15 things which come under basics of finance. First of all, finance teacher should teach these things one by one. Many students still do not know fund, money and saving. Fund means any asset in the form of money which is kept for special purpose. But money is not fund . Only Cash, cheques and currency notes are the major things of money. Saving is also different from fund and money. It refers not to consume all earning and keep some part of it in bank or in home or in business, so that it can be used for emergency time. So, please following basics of finance should learn for teaching.

1. Fund
2. Money
3. Saving
4. Cash
5. Bank
6. Interest
7. Dividend
8. Reserves
9. Assets
10. ROI
11. Retained Earning
12. Investment
13. Mutual Fund
14. Hedge Fund
15. Venture Capital

2nd Step : Teach Sources of Finance

Sources of finance means the way from where we get money for development of our business. To teach sources of finance is second step of teaching financial literacy. It implies that student should know plus and minus points of each source of finance and after this, they can decide to take better source of finance. In this list, I have included 7 things.

1. Stock/ Equity
2. Debt
3.  Bond
4. Credits
5. Advances
6. Bank Finance
7. Public Deposits

3rd Step : Teach the Tools of Finance

With tools of finance, finance teacher explains financial management. All the companies have to take decision for flowing cash and fund. Only finance tool can explain whether past decisions are good or not. For example if we study ratio analysis, profitability ratio expresses current earning on the basis of total sale. So, we can take decision for increasing our return. In this learning list, I included 11 things.

  1. Financial Analysis
  2. Financial Planning
  3. Financial Statements
  4. Ratio Analysis
  5. Cash Flow Analysis
  6. Fund Flow Analysis
  7. Working Capital Management
  8. Cash Budgeting
  9. Treasury Management
  10. Inventory Management
  11. Debtor’s management
4th Step : Teach Techiques of Investment Decisions

Big flow of cash and fund is always in investment. So, investment decisions is very important from returning point of view. A small mistake in investment decision can liquidate any company. To teach the techniques of investment decisions means to teach different methods of capital budgeting and many other things which are mentioned in following link list
  1. Capital Budgeting
  2. Pay Back Period
  3. Rate of Return
  4. Net Present Value
  5. Profitability Index
  6. Internal Rate of Return
  7. MIRR
  8. Equivalent Annuity
  9. Cut off Rate
  10. Investment Analysis
  11. Capital Rationing
  12. Project Planning
  13. Decision Tree Analysis
  14. Real Option Analysis
  15. APT
  16. CAPM
5th Step : Teach Different Financial Markets

Now, financial markets has reached at international level where we can deal in everything no physical transfer is needed. Just fluctuation in prices will decide your profit or loss in specific deal. So, it is needed to teach all updates of financial markets. I have studied 12 financial market and included in following link list.
    1. Capital Market
    2. Stock/Equities Market
    3. Bond Market
    4. Foreign Exchange Market
    5. Derivatives Market
    6. Commodity Market
    7. Money Market
    8. Spot( Cash ) Market
    9. OTC Market
    10. Real Estate Market
    11. Insurance Market
    12. Private Equity
6th Step : Teach Sources and Applications of Public Finance

As a good citizen of any country, it is your duty to check the sources and application of govt. finance. For this investigation, you need to know about the sources and applications of public finance. Without this, you can not understand the fiscal policy of govt. So, it is duty of your finance teacher to teach your about the sources and applications of public finance. With this, you can open the consipiracy of govt. if it misuses the public money.
    1. Income Tax
    2. VAT
    3. Government Budgeting
    4. Government Bonds
    5. Fiscal Policy
    6. Government Investment
    7. Government Spending
    8. Government Debt
    9. Seigniorage
    7th Step : Teach Other Advance Things of Finance

    For teaching financial literacy deeply, teacher should teach other advance things of finance to students. In these things, we can includes financial risks and its management, personal finance tools and study of financial institution of each country. 


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    Accounting Education: How to Teach Financial Literacy
    How to Teach Financial Literacy
    Accounting Education
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