Working of Stock Exchanges in India

Indian stock exchanges are working before independence of Indian after revaluation of industry in west, English investors started to deal
in shares in Indian stock exchanges since 1875. They started to deal first in India’s economic and business center Bombay. For this they had established Bombay stock exchange in India in 1875 with the name of “The native share and stock brokers association ”. There were just 318 persons who became members of this association.

Slowly the no. of members and trading in this stock market was increasing and in 1956, BSE became reputed market after providing powers of capital market by passing securities contract(Regulation) act1956 and also after making of new economic policies in 1991 by Dr. Manmohan Singh( slogan of liberalisation , privatisation and globalisation ) .

No. of stock exchanges were increases and national stock exchange was also established in Mumbai in 1993.

From 1875 to 1995 working of stock exchanges in India was fully dependent on paper shares, debentures and bond. It means for completing dealing physical delivery of shares was necessary.
But from 1995, online dealing in shares, created online stock markets in India. One side, we are seeing the developments and progress in stock exchanges in India but other side after Harshad Mehta scam, we watched downfall in the progress of stock exchanges in India. Harshad Mehta was a player who rendered fraud in Indian stock market by including private bank in fraud scheme. He dealt 200 million shares of 90 companies and millions of Dollars loss was suffered by small and middle investors when scam was publicly opened and sensex dropped 570 points.
Govt. of India had taken good action for prohibiting such scams by establishing SEBI in 1992. This board played a great role to develop and to secure the investors of India. After this India stock exchange again because attraction point of international investors.
SEBI made rules in which all transactions will be settled on daily basis and there will be zero level fraud and scam in stock exchanges in India.

Now stock exchange changes fully in India. For dealing in stock exchange, any person needs Demat account and SBI and Karvi are working as online stock exchange broker in India .


Main benefit of e-stock exchanges that now NRI can sell and purchase without physical transferring of shares , all dealing are taken place online and sale and purchase price of shares are transferred by cheque or by e-banking facility .


This new form of stock exchanges in India opens new business in each and every home which is connected with Internet.


Indian stock exchange trends are showing upward sensex from last 2008 when USA market fell due to financial crisis but India saved easily from this crisis and a very small effect was on Indian stock market .

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Accounting Education: Working of Stock Exchanges in India
Working of Stock Exchanges in India
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Accounting Education
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