Working Capital Management

Introduction of Working Capital Management

Working capital management is the device of finance. It is related to manage of current assets and current liabilities. After learning working capital management, commerce students can use this tool for fund flow analysis. Working capital is very significant for paying day to day expenses and long term liabilities.

Meaning and Concept of Working Capital and its management

Working capital is that part of company’s capital which is used for purchasing raw material and involve in sundry debtors. We all know that current assets are very important for proper working of fixed assets. Suppose, if you have invested your money to purchase machines of company and if you have not any more money to buy raw material, then your machinery will no use for any production without raw material. From this example, you can understand that working capital is very useful for operating any business organization. We can also take one more liquid item of current assets that is cash. If you have not cash in hand, then you can not pay for different expenses of company, and at that time, your many business works may delay for not paying certain expenses. If we define working capital in very simple form, then we can say that working capital is the excess of current assets over current liabilities.

Types of Working Capital

1. Gross working capital

Total or gross working capital is that working capital which is used for all the current assets. Total value of current assets will equal to gross working capital.

2. Net Working Capital

Net working capital is the excess of current assets over current liabilities.

Net Working Capital = Total Current Assets – Total Current Liabilities

This amount shows that if we deduct total current liabilities from total current assets, then balance amount can be used for repayment of long term debts at any time.

3. Permanent Working Capital

Permanent working capital is that amount of capital which must be in cash or current assets for continuing the activities of business.

4. Temporary Working Capital

Sometime, it may possible that we have to pay fixed liabilities, at that time we need working capital which is more than permanent working capital, then this excess amount will be temporary working capital. In normal working of business, we don’t need such capital.

In working capital management, we analyze following three points

Ist Point

What is the need for working capital?

After study the nature of production, we can estimate the need for working capital. If company produces products at large scale and continues producing goods, then company needs high amount of working capital.

2nd Point

What is optimum level of Working capital in business?

Have you achieved the optimum level of working capital which has invested in current assets? Because high amount of working capital will decrease the return on investment and low amount of working capital will increase the risk of business. So, it is very important decision to get optimum level of working capital where both profitability and risk will be balanced. For achieving optimum level of working capital, finance manager should also study the factors which affects the requirement of working capital and different elements of current assets. If he will manage cash, debtor and inventory, then working capital will automatically optimize.

3rd Point

What are main Working capital policies of businesses?

Policies are the guidelines which are helpful to direct business. Finance manager can also make working capital policies.

1st Working capital policy

Liquidity policy

Under this policy, finance manager will increase the amount of liquidity for reducing the risk of business. If business has high volume of cash and bank balance, then business can easily pays his dues at maturity. But finance manger should not forget that the excess cash will not produce and earning and return on investment will decrease. So liquidity policy should be optimized.

2nd Working Capital Policy

Profitability policy

Under this policy, finance manger will keep low amount of cash in business and try to invest maximum amount of cash and bank balance. It will sure that profit of business will increase due to increasing of investment in proper way but risk of business will also increase because liquidity of business will decrease and it can create bankruptcy position of business. So, profitability policy should make after seeing liquidity policy and after this both policies will helpful for proper management of working capital.



access account accountant Accounting accounting definitions accounting ebook Accounting education accounting procedure accounting process outsourcing Accounting Software advance advertising africa Amalgamation amendments announcements Annuity assets audit auditing Australia B.Com. balance sheet bank Bank reconciliation banking basic accounting BBA benefits best bill black money blog bloggers book keeping bookkeeping Branch Accounting - full tutorial budget Budget variance business businessman CA calculator canada capital capital budgeting career cash cash book cash flow statement Chiense children china class coaching coins college commerce commerce students company computer computer accounting conference Contact vinod kumar corporate accounting cost cost accounting cost center cost centre CPA credit credit card cs currency data Debit and credit debit cards debt debtor degree depletion depreciation documents dollar domain Downloads Dubai e-accounting earning education Education Loans email employee EPF ERP euromoney examination excel excise duty expenses facebook factor of loan fans feature fifo FII fiji finacle finance Financial financial accounting fire insurance flickr flow forensic forex formula france fraud free fun function fund GAAP GDP gdr germany gold goodwill goodwill accounting google google apps google apps google base google buzz google calendar Google docs google finance google fusion tables google talk govt. guide health Hindi Hindi Language history holding company How to treat FBT in Tally 9 HRA ICAI ICAWI ICICI Bank IFRS income income statement Income Tax India indian railway Indonesia inflation inflation accounting infographics information inspiration insurance insurance accounting interest international Internet Introduction of Tally 9 inventory investment invoice IT Japan Job costing journal entries keyboard kindle kuwait laptop law LBT learning lease lecture ledger leducation Leverage Analysis liabilities lifo linkedin loan logical point loss loss of profit M.Com. m.phil malaysia management accounting manual accounting manufacturing account market marketing mastercard material MBA MCA media migration mobile money ms word ms. excel multi currency in tally 9 Multicurrency Accounting mutual fund national security new and sacrifice ratio new york times new zealand news NGO nonprofit-accounting North Georgia Mountains NPV NSE odbc office oman online application online accounting otcei pakistan parents pay pal pdf pie chart pie chart of income pnb podcast ppf presentation price privacy policy prize money prof. vinod kumar profit profit and loss account project management provision purchase puzzles quickbooks Quote quotes quotes of svtuition rating agency ratio analysis RBI readers real estate rectification of errors remote control reports reserves responsibility accounting retirement revenue Revenue reserves review risk rupees salary sale saudi arabia saving sbi scholarship school SEBI security service tax share share trading Shares shri lanka singapore sms social accounting society solution South Africa stock stock exchange structure student students study subsidiary company svtuition swiss bank tally tally 9 Tally 7.2 Tally 9 Tally.ERP 9 tanzania tax Tax Accounting TDS teacher teaching technology test testimonial testimonials thailand tips trading trading on equity transaction trend trial balance tuition twitter UAE UGC - NET Commerce UK United Arab Emirates university usa valuation VAT Video Voucher and vouching wikipedia working capital youtube
Accounting Education: Working Capital Management
Working Capital Management
Accounting Education
Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS CONTENT IS PREMIUM Please share to unlock