Leverage and its types

Leverage is very scientific tool in the hand of finance manager . Finance manager uses this tool for making effective financial structure of company . Financial structure is just mix of debt and equity and with help of leverage , finance manager gets fund with effective ratio of debt and equity .

In simple word leverage is power and relationship between two interrelated variables . These variables may be output , sale , cost and profit . Finance manager calculates these leverage by apply formula and then uses them for taking decision in favour of company's shareholder . Main aim of leverage testing is maximize the earning of shareholder and reduce the risk of company.

Type of leverage :-

Company's finance manager tests three type leverage :-

1. Operating leverage is % change in earning before interest and tax divided by % change in sale . If company is charging fixed cost , the operating leverage tells the EBIT will greater than sale because due to increasing sale of fixed cost per unit will decrease and it will increase EBIT higher than sale .


Operating Leverage = % change in EBIT / % change in Sale

This leverage is very helpful for finance manager because , if operating leverage is more than or suppose it is two then it means if sale will increase 100% then earning will increase 200% . At this time , finance manager can get more loan for increasing the earning of shareholders .

2. Financial leverage

It is second type of leverage . Financial leverage is known as trading on equity . If any company's finance manager knows that company's return on investment is more than interest on loan or borrowing obligation . At this time , if company needs more money , then finance manager gets its loan and bought the asset from same loan . So, any technique in which any asset is purchased with loan and trying to increase EPS , then this is called financial leverage .

Formula for calculating financial leverage

= % change in Earning per share / % change in earning before interest and tax

= % change in EPS / % change in EBIT

This formula explains the relationship between % change in EPS and % change in EBIT and after deep study of this financial leverage , finance manager decides to get appropriate loan for buying assets .

3. Combined leverage

It is the product of operating leverage and financial leverage .

Combined leverage = Operating leverage X financial leverage

= % change in EBIT / % change in sale X % change in EPS / % change in EBIT

→ High operating leverage and high financial leverage combination is high risky for business .
→ Good combination is that in which lower operating leverage with high financial leverage .

Download our Accounting eBooks

Financial Accounting eBook

Download Now »

Cost Accounting eBook

Download Now »

Corporate Accounting eBook

Download Now »

Management Accounting eBook

Download Now »






access account accountant Accounting accounting definitions accounting ebook Accounting education accounting procedure accounting process outsourcing Accounting Software advance advertising africa Amalgamation amendments announcements Annuity assets audit auditing Australia B.Com. balance sheet bank Bank reconciliation banking basic accounting BBA benefits best bill black money blog bloggers book keeping bookkeeping Branch Accounting - full tutorial budget Budget variance business businessman CA calculator canada capital capital budgeting career cash cash book cash flow statement Chiense children china class coaching coins college commerce commerce students company computer computer accounting conference Contact vinod kumar Control Your Spending corporate accounting cost cost accounting cost center cost centre CPA credit credit card cs currency data Debit and credit debit cards debt debtor degree depletion depreciation Diwali Messages documents dollar domain Downloads Dubai e-accounting earning education Education Loans email employee EPF ERP euromoney examination excel excise duty expenses facebook factor of loan fans feature fifo FII fiji finacle finance Finance Journal Entries Financial financial accounting fire insurance flickr flow forensic forex formula france fraud free fun function fund GAAP GDP gdr germany gold goodwill goodwill accounting google google apps Google Adsense google apps google base google buzz google calendar Google docs google finance google fusion tables google talk govt. GST guide health Hindi Hindi Language history holding company How to treat FBT in Tally 9 HRA ICAI ICAWI ICICI Bank IFRS income income statement Income Tax India indian railway Indonesia inflation inflation accounting infographics information inspiration insurance insurance accounting Intangible interest international Internet Introduction of Tally 9 inventory investment investment in Shares invoice IT Japan Job costing journal entries Journal Entries eBook Help Kalculate keyboard kindle kuwait laptop law LBT learning lease lecture ledger leducation Leverage Analysis liabilities lifo linkedin loan logical point loss loss of profit M.Com. m.phil malaysia management accounting manual accounting manufacturing account market marketing mastercard material MBA MCA media migration mobile money ms word ms. excel multi currency in tally 9 Multicurrency Accounting mutual fund national security new and sacrifice ratio new york times new zealand news NGO nonprofit-accounting North Georgia Mountains NPV NSE odbc office oman online application online accounting Online Accounting Course otcei pakistan parents Partnership pay pal pdf Personal Finance pie chart pie chart of income pnb podcast ppf presentation price privacy policy prize money prof. vinod kumar profit profit and loss account project management provision purchase puzzles quickbooks Quote quotes quotes of svtuition rating agency ratio analysis RBI readers real estate rectification of errors remote control reports reserves responsibility accounting retirement revenue Revenue reserves review risk rupees salary sale saudi arabia saving sbi scholarship school SEBI security service tax share share trading Shares shri lanka singapore sms social accounting society solution South Africa stock stock exchange structure student students study subsidiary company svtuition swiss bank tally tally 9 Tally 7.2 Tally 9 Tally.ERP 9 tanzania tax Tax Accounting TDS teacher teaching technology test testimonial testimonials thailand tips trading trading on equity transaction trend trial balance truthfulness tuition twitter UAE UGC - NET Commerce UK United Arab Emirates university usa valuation VAT Video Voucher and vouching Wealth wikipedia working capital youtube
Accounting Education: Leverage and its types
Leverage and its types
Accounting Education
Not found any lecture VIEW ALL Continue reading Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES Lectures View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU Category ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL Lectures Not found any lecture match with your request, please help to write it and send it to our email at vinod@svtuition.org for making this website free accounting and finance encyclopedia. Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS CONTENT IS PREMIUM Please share to unlock