Accounting profit is helpful for surviving the business in the worst time. It is just like fuel to go forward. One side business has suffered big loss and other side and business has obtained big sales revenue. Result is nominal accounting profit but still with this profit, we can use as additional capital for reconstructing our business from beginning by forgetting big losses.

So, as a new business person, you should learn the accounting profit formula. Following is the simple formula of accounting profit.

Now, if you want to go more deep, we can classify accounting profit in following categories.

1. Gross Profit

Gross profit is excess of Sales over cost of goods sold. Following is its formula

Gross Profit = Sales - Cost of Goods Sold

Or

Gross Profit = Sales - {Opening Stock + Purchase + Direct Expenses - ( Closing Stock) }

For calculating gross profit, we do not deduct total cost of stock out of sales because when we buy some goods, it is not necessary, we sell all. So, for calculating gross profit, we have to deduct only cost of sold goods out of total sales value. We can teach it with a simple example. We have bought 120   banana of Rs. 400 but we sold only  108 of Rs. 600. So gross profit will be

= 600 - 108 X 3.33 = Rs. 240

2. Operating Profit

If we deduct all operating expenses out of our gross profit, balance will be operating profit. Following will be its formula

= Gross profit - All Operating expenses only.

We do not include investing and financing expenses in it. For example, we are paying Rs. 5000 as interest on loan. It is financing expenses. It will not include operating expenses.

3. Net Profit Before Tax

When we deduct all financial and investing expenses out of operating profit, we will reach net profit before tax. Tax is not deduct this NPBT.

4. Net Profit After Tax

In end, we will reach net profit after tax when we will deduct all tax out of net profit before tax. Accounting profit term is used all these four terms. Except this, it is also used for Earning before interest, depreciation and tax (EBIT).

Remember : For calculating accounting profit, we do not deduct opportunity cost out of revenue. Opportunity cost is artificial cost. If we do not have the asset, we have to pay but still we do not pay because we have the asset. For example, if we do not have the car, we have to pay Rs. 2000 for travel but still we have the car. So, we did not pay. So, opportunity cost is Rs. 2000 which we did not pay.

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