Treatment of Normal and Abnormal Loss in Process Costing
 When we start the production of goods through different processes, normal loss and abnormal loss will happen with this. Due to this our total cost of production will increase.
If we do not treat the normal and abnormal loss, our total cost of production will less than exact cost of production. Due to this, our sale price will not estimate correctly. So, for making good plan of selling and controlling our losses, we need to treat the normal loss and abnormal loss in process accounts.

 1. Treatment of Normal Loss in Process Accounts 

 Normal losses are those which we can not stop. These are natural wastage.

 For example, if you doing the business of timber on the basis of their weight. It is sure that after cutting of tree, weight of wood will decrease. So, this loss is normal loss. In process account’s credit side, we just show the normal loss’s units. Now, our total produced units will decrease. This will increase our cost of production per unit in any process. For example: If total cost of process A is Rs. 10,000. When we produce 100 units in A process, we have checked that due to natural reasons, we have just 90 units. Now, in A Process Account, we will show 100 units in debit side and 10 units of normal loss in credit side without writing its amount. Due to this our total cost of Rs. 10,000 will of 90 units. It means, cost per unit has increased from Rs. 100 per unit to Rs. 111 per unit.

 2. Treatment of Abnormal Loss in Process Accounts

 All those losses which happen due to abnormal reasons are called abnormal losses. Following are its main example.

 1. If you use bad quality raw material in the production, there is big risk of wastage in production. So, use of bad quality raw material is the reason of abnormal loss.

 2. Careless is also reason of abnormal loss. For example, due to the careless of worker, 5 units waste the products during production. So, loss of 5 units is the abnormal loss.

 3. All those losses which are not normal will be the abnormal loss. For treating the abnormal loss in the process account, we need to calculate the value of abnormal loss.

 a) When there is not any normal loss 

  Abnormal loss = Normal cost at normal production / normal output X units of abnormal loss

 b) When there is normal loss

 Abnormal loss = {Normal cost at normal production / (Total output – normal loss units)} X Units of abnormal loss. Example : In process A 100 units of raw materials were introduced at a cost of Rs. 1000. The other expenditure incurred by the process was Rs. 602 of the units introduced 10% are normally lost in the course of manufacture and they possess a scrap value of Rs. 3 each. The output of process A was only 75 units. Prepare process A account.

                                               Process A Account

Debit Side Units  Amount in Rs.  Credit Side Units  Amount in Rs.
Raw material 100 1000 Normal Loss 10 -
Other Expenses - 602 Sale of Scrap of normal wastage 10 units X Rs. 3 each -  30
*Abnormal Loss 15 262
Process B ( Output ) - balancing figure 75 1310
100 1602 100 1602

* Calculation of Abnormal loss in units and in value

Total input========== 100 units
Less normal loss in units== 10 units
Normal Output ======== 90 units
actual output of A process = 75 units
Abnormal loss in units ==== 15 units
 Value of Abnormal Loss
= Cost of Total Output - scrap sale of normal loss/ Normal Output X Units of Abnormal loss
= 1602 - 30 / 90 X 15 = Rs. 262

Related : Process Costing 

Download our Accounting eBooks

Financial Accounting eBook

Download Now »

Cost Accounting eBook

Download Now »

Corporate Accounting eBook

Download Now »

Management Accounting eBook

Download Now »






access account accountant Accounting accounting definitions accounting ebook Accounting education accounting procedure accounting process outsourcing Accounting Software advance advertising africa Amalgamation amendments announcements Annuity assets audit auditing Australia B.Com. balance sheet bank Bank reconciliation banking basic accounting BBA benefits best bill black money blog bloggers book keeping bookkeeping Branch Accounting - full tutorial budget Budget variance business businessman CA calculator canada capital capital budgeting career cash cash book cash flow statement Chiense children china class coaching coins college commerce commerce students company computer computer accounting conference Contact vinod kumar Control Your Spending corporate accounting cost cost accounting cost center cost centre CPA credit credit card cs currency data Debit and credit debit cards debt debtor degree depletion depreciation Diwali Messages documents dollar domain Downloads Dubai e-accounting earning education Education Loans email employee EPF ERP euromoney examination excel excise duty expenses facebook factor of loan fans feature fifo FII fiji finacle finance Finance Journal Entries Financial financial accounting fire insurance flickr flow forensic forex formula france fraud free fun function fund GAAP GDP gdr germany gold goodwill goodwill accounting google google apps Google Adsense google apps google base google buzz google calendar Google docs google finance google fusion tables google talk govt. GST guide health Hindi Hindi Language history holding company How to treat FBT in Tally 9 HRA ICAI ICAWI ICICI Bank IFRS income income statement Income Tax India indian railway Indonesia inflation inflation accounting infographics information inspiration insurance insurance accounting Intangible interest international Internet Introduction of Tally 9 inventory investment investment in Shares invoice IT Japan Job costing journal entries Journal Entries eBook Help Kalculate keyboard kindle kuwait laptop law LBT learning lease lecture ledger leducation Leverage Analysis liabilities lifo linkedin loan logical point loss loss of profit M.Com. m.phil malaysia management accounting manual accounting manufacturing account market marketing mastercard material MBA MCA media migration mobile money ms word ms. excel multi currency in tally 9 Multicurrency Accounting mutual fund national security new and sacrifice ratio new york times new zealand news NGO nonprofit-accounting North Georgia Mountains NPV NSE odbc office oman online application online accounting Online Accounting Course otcei pakistan parents Partnership pay pal pdf Personal Finance pie chart pie chart of income pnb podcast ppf presentation price privacy policy prize money prof. vinod kumar profit profit and loss account project management provision purchase puzzles quickbooks Quote quotes quotes of svtuition rating agency ratio analysis RBI readers real estate rectification of errors remote control reports reserves responsibility accounting retirement revenue Revenue reserves review risk rupees salary sale saudi arabia saving sbi scholarship school SEBI security service tax share share trading Shares shri lanka singapore sms social accounting society solution South Africa stock stock exchange structure student students study subsidiary company svtuition swiss bank tally tally 9 Tally 7.2 Tally 9 Tally.ERP 9 tanzania tax Tax Accounting TDS teacher teaching technology test testimonial testimonials thailand tips trading trading on equity transaction trend trial balance truthfulness tuition twitter UAE UGC - NET Commerce UK United Arab Emirates university usa valuation VAT Video Voucher and vouching Wealth wikipedia working capital youtube
Accounting Education: Treatment of Normal and Abnormal Loss in Process Costing
Treatment of Normal and Abnormal Loss in Process Costing
Accounting Education
Not found any lecture VIEW ALL Continue reading Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES Lectures View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU Category ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL Lectures Not found any lecture match with your request, please help to write it and send it to our email at for making this website free accounting and finance encyclopedia. Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS CONTENT IS PREMIUM Please share to unlock