Journal Entries Examples

>> July 12, 2010


 To study the journal entries example is obviously a good way to get thorough knowledge of journal entries. Just learn the rules of double entries and to make some journal entries of simple purchase and sale transactions is not enough for becoming the master in accounting. You should know every type of transactions and journal entries. You also know how to pass the journal entry, what account will be debited and what account will be credited in this journal entry.


Following are some examples of  translations and Journal Entries, its analysis is done on the basis of rules of double entry system:

1. Cash brought in by proprietor as capital Rs. 30000

a) What comes in business will be debited

Cash has come in business; cash account will be debited in journal entry.

b) Who is giver will be credited

Proprietor is giver of cash to business but he has business motive and he gives the money to business as capital.

Journal Entry

Cash Account Debit 30, 000


Proprietor’s capital Account Credit 30,000

2. Goods purchased on credit from Madan Lal Rs. 5,000

a) What comes in business will be debited

Goods have come in business, so its financial value will be debited with the name of purchase account.

b) Name of person is given from whom we bought the goods on credit, so Ist rule’s second part will be applied.

Who is giver, will be credited.

Madan lal is giver, so its account will be credited.

Purchase account debit 5000

Madan Lal account credit 5000

3. Furniture purchased for cash Rs. 10000

a) What comes in business will be debited. In this transaction, furniture came in business, so we will open furniture account in the debit side of journal entry.

b) Cash is also asset and we paid for purchasing of furniture. 2nd rule’s second part will be applied.

Furniture Account Debit 10,000

Cash Account Credit 10,000

4. Goods sold on credit to Dev Raj Rs. 1600

a) Dev Raj is receiver of goods, so his personal account will be debited.

b) Goods go out, so, goods or sale account will be credited.

Dev Raj Account Debit 1600

Sale Account Credit 1600

5. Goods purchased for cash Rs. 4500

a) Goods come in, so goods or purchase account will be debited

b) Cash goes out, so cash account will be credited.

Purchase account debit 4500

Cash account credit 4500

6. Goods sold for cash Rs. 2100

a) Cash comes in, so cash account will be debited.

b) Goods go out, so goods or sale account will be credited.

Cash account debit 2100

Sale account credit 2100

7. Rent paid for shop to landlord 3000

a) Rent is an item of expenses, so it will be debited.

b) Cash is an item of asset and it goes out, so it will be credited.

Rent Account Debit 3000

Cash Account Credit 3000

8. Commission received in cash 2000

a) Cash comes in, so cash account will be debited.

b) Commission is an item of income, so commission account will be credited.

Cash Account Debit 2000

Commission Account Credit 2000

9. Cash deposited into bank 5000

a) Bank is receiver of cash, so bank account will be debited.

b) Cash goes out, so cash account will be credited.

Bank Account Debit 5000

Cash Account Credit 5000

10. Cash withdrawn from bank for office use Rs. 2000

a) Cash comes in the business, so cash account will be debited.

b) Bank is the giver, so bank account will be credited.

Cash Account Debit 2000

Bank Account Credit 2000

11. Cash drawn by proprietor from business for personal use Rs. 3000

a) Proprietor is the receiver of cash, but business will give him as drawing which is decrease in his capital, so proprietor’s drawing account will be debited.

b) Cash goes out, so cash account will be credited.

Drawing Account Debit 3000

Cash Account Credit 3000

12. Goods given as charity Rs. 1000

a) Charity is an expense of business, so it will be debited.

b) Goods go out, so goods or purchase account will be credited.

Charity Account Debit 1000

Purchase Account Credit 1000

13. Bad Debts written off Rs. 500

a) Bad debt is loss of business due to not paying the amount by our debtors, so it will be debited.

b) There is decrease in debtor. We are applying what goes from business, debtor is also our asset, if he does not pay, and it means this asset has gone from business, so its account will be credited.

Bad Debt Account Debit 500

Debtor Account Credit 500

14. Bad debts recovered in cash Rs. 300

a) Cash comes in, so cash account will be debited.

b) Bad debts recovered are an income, so its account will be credited.

Cash Account Debit 300

Bad Debts Recovered Account Credit 300

15. Carriage paid on machinery ( expenses on purchase of asset ) Rs. 1000

a) Carriage on purchase of machinery is part of cost of machinery, so machinery account will be debited.

b) Cash goes out, so cash account will be credited.

Machinery Account Debit 1000

Cash Account Credit 1000

16. Depreciation on fixed assets Rs. 500

a) Depreciation on fixed assets is the loss of business, and every loss will be debited.

b) There is a decrease in asset and we will apply what goes from business on it. So, asset account will be credited.

Depreciation Account Debit 500

Fixed Asset Account Credit 500

17. Carriage paid on the behalf of buyer Rs. 1000

a) This is not our expenses, but this is increase our current asset and its name is debtor, so we will apply what comes in rule on it.

b) Cash goes out, so cash account will be credited.

Debtor account Debit 1000

Cash Account Credit 1000

18. Goods given as free samples Rs. 1500

a) Goods are given for advertising, advertising is an expense of business, and so advertising account will be debited.

b) Goods go out at the cost price, so goods or purchase account will be credited.

Advertising Account Debit 1500

Purchase Account Credit 1500

19. Interest allowed on capital Rs. 600

a) Interest is an expense of business, so it will be debited.

b) There is an increase in the amount of capital. Capital is liability account, so increase in the amount of capital will be also shown in the credit side of journal entry.

Interest on capital Account Debit 600

Capital Account Credit 600

20. Interest charged on drawings Rs. 500

a) Decrease in capital or increase in drawing will be debited.

b) Interest on drawing is an income of business.

Drawing Account Debit 500

Interest on drawing account Credit 500

21. Bank charges or interest charged by bank Rs. 200

a) Bank charges are the expenditures of business, so it will be debited.

b) There is decrease in bank balance, so bank account will be credited.

Bank charge Account Debit 200

Bank account Credit 200


22. Goods lost by fire Rs. 800

a) Goods lost by fire are the loss of business, so loss by fire account will be debited.

b) There is decrease in goods or stock at cost, so purchase account will be credited.

Loss by Fire Account Debit 800

Purchase Account Credit 800

23. Goods insured and a claim is admitted by insurance company in full or in part.

a) Insurance company will be our debtor. Transaction has increase in debtors because we have to get money from insurance company. So, this account will be debited.

b) Decrease in loss by fire, so this account will be credited.

Insurance company Account Debit XXXX

Loss by Fire Account Credit XXXX

24. Loan taken Rs. 1,00,000

a) Cash comes in, so cash account will be debited.

b) Lender is giver, so his loan account will be credited.

Cash Account Debit 1, 00,000

Lender’s loan Account Credit 1,00,000

25. Interest paid on loan. Rs. 1000

a) Interest is an expense of business, so it will be debited.

b) Cash goes out, so it will be credited.

Interest on loan Account Debit 1000

Cash Account Credit 1000

26. Interest on loan due but not paid in cash. Rs. 500

a) Interest is an expense of business, so it will be debited.

b) Increase in creditors will be credited in journal entry.

Interest on loan Account Debit 500

Loan or Creditor Account 500

27. Investment purchased Rs. 50,000

a) Asset in the form of investment comes in, so investment account will be debited.

b) Cash goes out, so its account will be credited.

Investment Account Debit 50000

Cash Account Credit 50000

28. Cash stolen from office. Rs. 6000

a) Cash stolen from office is loss of business, so this account will be debited.

b) Cash goes out, so its account will be credited.

Loss by Theft Account Debit 6000

Cash Account Credit 6000

29. Cash paid to a creditor in full settlement ( When cash discount is received) Amount due to Madan Lal Rs. 5000 paid him Rs. 4950 in full settlement.

a) Decrease in creditors = Debit

b) Decrease in cash = Credit

c) Discount received is income of business = credit

Madan Lal Account Debit 5000

Cash Account Credit 4950

Discount Received Account Credit 50

30. Cash received from a debtor in full settlement (When cash discount is allowed). Amount receivable from Dev Raj Rs. 1600, received from him Rs. 1570.

a) Increase in cash = Debit

b) Discount allowed is the loss of business = Debit

c) Decrease in debtors = credit

Cash Account Debit 1570

Discount Allowed Account Debit 30

Dev Raj Account Credit 1600


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152 comments:

HARIKRISHNAA,  November 29, 2010 at 10:45 AM  

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prabhu March 19, 2011 at 12:35 AM  

very good and simply understand all entries.

sachin,  April 4, 2011 at 9:16 PM  

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Mian Muhammad Sheraz.

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samatha,

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Anonymous,  September 8, 2011 at 12:07 PM  

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Thanks

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Anonymous,  September 13, 2011 at 6:44 AM  

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these entries are very suitable for all

Anonymous,  September 21, 2011 at 8:53 PM  

Very Helpful

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Anonymous,  September 28, 2011 at 6:37 PM  

very helpfull

IfuM52 October 11, 2011 at 10:00 AM  

very good easily understood

Anonymous,  October 13, 2011 at 5:35 AM  

every accounting students who get confused in entries should read this........................

Anonymous,  November 7, 2011 at 7:53 PM  

very clear and simple...

Veera,  November 9, 2011 at 12:51 AM  

Hi Every body this is enough for Accounts interviews.Very good and everybody can easily understood........

Anonymous,  November 9, 2011 at 10:30 PM  

a good and a clear guidance.good examples too

Arjun December 6, 2011 at 10:14 PM  

Students Can Gain Accounting Knowledge Easily

MEHRAZ ANSARI December 13, 2011 at 8:34 AM  

thanks , a good and very helpful knowledge

Anonymous,  December 14, 2011 at 2:18 AM  

cnt i get some tough general entries..???

raju December 14, 2011 at 9:42 AM  

it is very easy and helpful to understand accounts

VIKAS JAIN January 3, 2012 at 8:45 PM  

good one understod please pass the entries of outstanding entries

prathap,  January 14, 2012 at 7:39 AM  

I thank the editor of this artical i got my basics right of journals

kamal January 20, 2012 at 5:53 AM  

good 1.....easy 2 understand

vinay mishra January 21, 2012 at 11:50 AM  

its really easy to understand

Anonymous,  January 24, 2012 at 3:37 AM  

extremely useful..thanks

siju January 24, 2012 at 4:27 AM  

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Anonymous,  February 6, 2012 at 10:18 AM  

vry good.......really helpful......try to give more examples

Manjunath G,  March 19, 2012 at 3:09 AM  

Really helpful...

Anonymous,  March 20, 2012 at 9:31 PM  

the explanation is really good. Please include Prepaid, O/S expense entries and Unearned, Accrued Income entries as well....

Anonymous,  March 26, 2012 at 7:03 AM  

Too Good. Thanks

Anonymous,  March 29, 2012 at 11:00 PM  

at least a diagram showing journal entries may help some of who ddn't do accounting

Badrinath.K,  April 2, 2012 at 8:37 PM  

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gurman preet April 18, 2012 at 4:21 AM  

its very good and easy method to understand journal with examples ..thanks a lot

Unknown April 23, 2012 at 9:04 PM  

I had forgotten all journal entries. but now it is prepared again.
thanks for it

Anonymous,  April 25, 2012 at 11:54 PM  

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M S Alam,  April 26, 2012 at 10:31 AM  

Very helpful and makes easy to understand........ publish such kind of more examples. Thanx

Anonymous,  May 1, 2012 at 4:59 AM  

very very helpful 4 even those with no accounting background knowledge! Thanx and pliz some more e.gs. Thomas

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Good one

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Anonymous,  June 24, 2012 at 6:57 AM  

tougher entries i want to know

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UdiT S July 21, 2012 at 5:38 AM  

can u please post some tough examples

Anonymous,  July 23, 2012 at 7:20 AM  

superb awesome..





thanxx



pls post many articles like this pls..






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udaif cp August 3, 2012 at 4:32 AM  

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i request to more journal entries example...............

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Praveen Laddha August 19, 2012 at 8:12 PM  

nice for freshar of accounts....

Ahsan Aziz,  August 25, 2012 at 11:33 PM  

Very Very Helpfull For All Commerce Students . And Entries Are So Easy Better Than All Accounting Books .

Anonymous,  August 26, 2012 at 6:03 AM  

NICE FOR JOURNAL ENTRIES FROM ,PRAFULL SAYKHEDE

meghana,  September 1, 2012 at 8:56 AM  

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Anonymous,  September 1, 2012 at 9:07 PM  

nce... easily understandable

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lokesh,  September 28, 2012 at 1:05 AM  

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Anonymous,  October 14, 2012 at 1:07 PM  

easy to understand!
thank u

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Anonymous,  November 6, 2012 at 11:06 PM  

This is a very helpfull of commerce student & also any branch of student to learn that accounting entries.

libi... November 13, 2012 at 7:56 PM  

Thank You Sir, for your effort. This is a real help for students like me

Anonymous,  November 15, 2012 at 11:37 PM  

This is very helpfull to understad non-accounting people. To know the basics of accounts.
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Madhavi

Anonymous,  November 20, 2012 at 4:28 AM  

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Kanik,  November 28, 2012 at 2:47 AM  

Awesome...!!!!

deepublog December 2, 2012 at 10:57 PM  

thank u for giving good examkples for entries

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SOHEL,  January 11, 2013 at 7:51 AM  

Hi this is Sohel, i have gone through all the entries which is very helpful for me thank you so much.

Anonymous,  January 18, 2013 at 7:20 AM  

very helpful..

Anonymous,  February 2, 2013 at 11:49 PM  

After reading these one can easily get the concept of journal entries... Thanks for such a good examples.

Anonymous,  February 2, 2013 at 11:49 PM  

Thaks... for such good examples

Anonymous,  February 5, 2013 at 12:02 AM  

Thank you so much ,Very helpful

Anonymous,  February 13, 2013 at 2:09 AM  

simple and clear...practise these enough to succeed in accounts first step

Anonymous,  February 27, 2013 at 6:27 AM  

simple and straight to the point...thnx

HARIKRISHNA March 1, 2013 at 7:29 AM  

this is simple method of accounts entry's thank you for explain that type of entry's

Anonymous,  April 9, 2013 at 5:19 AM  

SIMPLE AND CLEAR..........THANKS ALOTT

Anonymous,  April 9, 2013 at 12:28 PM  

beautifully covered almost of the basic stuff

Dinesh April 22, 2013 at 10:48 PM  

Awesome! Explanation , Sometimes simple things make feel very pleasant. Its a one stop solution of accounting basics.

Thanks, Dinesh

Accounting Principles April 26, 2013 at 10:07 AM  

Thank You Sir for sharing your knowledge it is very help full to me

Anonymous,  May 16, 2013 at 6:35 AM  

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Anonymous,  July 30, 2013 at 4:07 AM  

Very good presentation

Vivek Pal October 8, 2013 at 5:02 PM  

nice guidelines and clearly able to understand basic accounting entries.

Pooja February 12, 2014 at 2:46 AM  

thank you sir ...this is really helpful...

Preeti,  February 12, 2014 at 2:47 AM  

thank you sir .this is really helpful..

Anonymous,  April 1, 2014 at 4:07 AM  

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Anonymous,  April 2, 2014 at 11:48 AM  

its really helped me in refreshing my journal knowledge

Anonymous,  May 7, 2014 at 8:02 AM  

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sunayana maharana June 21, 2014 at 8:48 PM  

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Anonymous,  July 25, 2014 at 3:49 AM  

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Anonymous,  September 14, 2014 at 3:33 AM  

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Anonymous,  October 8, 2014 at 2:14 AM  

very helpful thankss :))
keep it up

Anonymous,  October 8, 2014 at 8:10 AM  

these entries are well to understand a accounting student to understand it

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