Mutual funds are those institutions which take the money under mutual funds schemes. These schemes are also managed by Asset Management Companies (AMC), which are sponsored by different financial institutions or companies. These mutual funds schemes can be divided under different basis and need of customers. Detail of these schemes are given below :
( A ) Types of Mutual Funds Schemes on the Basis of Structure
i) Open - Ended Schemes
Open - ended schemes is that structure of mutual fund which allow investors to buy the shares of MF at its unlimited level and time and sell it when they want in market.
ii) Close - Ended Schemes
Close - ended schemes issue the Mutual Funds under many restrictions like to offer to limited investors or limit of time of issue etc.
iii) Interval Schemes
This is a mutual fund scheme whose redemption features is between those of closed-end and open-end funds.
( B ) Types of Mutual Funds Schemes on the Basis of Investment Objective
i) Growth Schemes
In the growth scheme, all profits made by the fund are ploughed back into the scheme. This causes the Net Asset Value to rise over time. The NAV is the price of a unit of a mutual fund.
ii ) Income or Dividend Schemes
The dividend option does not re-invest the profits made by the fund through its investments. Instead, it is given to the investor from time to time.
iii) Balanced Schemes
The aim of Balanced schemes is to provide both growth and regular income. Such schemes invest both in equities and fixed income securities in the proportion indicated in their offer documents. They generally invest 40-60% in equity and the rest in debt instruments.
( C ) Other Mutual Funds Schemes
i) Money Market Schemes
It is open ended mutual funds whose amount will be only invested in money market. These funds invest in short term (one day to one year) debt obligations such as Treasury bills, certificates of deposit, and commercial paper. The main goal is the preservation of principal, accompanied by modest dividends.
ii) Tax Saving Schemes
Tax saving schemes of mutual funds which saves the tax of investors. Tax benefits to be mentioned under the "objects of the offering" column. Any exclusive tax advantages for the mutual fund company and its shareholders by mentioning the section number of the Income Tax Act 1961 without revealing the content of the section.
iii) Special Schemes
This is the mutual funds which have something special and mutual funds provider will mention this in invitation form. You can read the discussion of reliance mutual funds updates to know what is special in it.
iv) Index Schemes
Index schemes attempt to replicate the performance of a particular index such as the BSE.
v) Sector Specific Schemes
Sector Specific Schemes are those Mutual funds Schemes which make investments in those sectors that have been specified in the prospectus of the funds. The various sectors in which the Sector Specific Schemes make investments are software, petroleum stocks, power, and pharmaceuticals.